INTRODUCTION: The epidemics of myopia in countries such as Singapore and Japan are due solely to changes in lifestyle, they say, and similar levels could soon be seen in many western countries as lifestyles there continue to change.
DATA COLLECTION: Information was obtained qualitatively by searching Medline for citations of articles in English using the Keyword "Myopia" in addition to current literature review.
RESULT: Myopia can be classified into two groups, low to moderate degree of myopia (refered to as simple myopia-0.5 to -6.0 dioptres) and high or pathological myopia (greater than 6.0 dioptres). Simple myopia can be corrected with spectacles or contact lenses whereas high myopia may be complicated by potentially blinding conditions such as vitreous and macular degeneration and retinal detachment.
CONCLUSION: Recent advances in the management of myopia have made it possible to restore vision to a reasonable degree.